MATH REVIEW: USEFUL MATH FOR EVERYONESECTION 4.2. WHAT IS A LOGARITHM? Base Ten LogarithmsWe saw above that base ten logarithms are expressions in which the number being raised to a power is ten. The base ten log of 1000 is three:
So far, we've worked with expressions that have whole numbers as solutions. Here's one that does not. What is the log of 4?
because
Natural LogarithmsLogarithms with a base of 'e' are called natural logarithms. What is 'e'? 'e' is a very special number approximately equal to 2.718. 'e' is a little bit like pi in that it is the result of an equation and it's a big long number that never ends. For those of you who have had calculus, you might remember that e^{x }is special because its derivative is itself. If you want to know more about 'e', check any trigonometry text, such as page 234 of Ruud, W.L. and T.L. Shell. Prelude to Calculus, 2^{nd} ed. 1993. Boston: PWS Publishing Company. Most scientific calculators have an 'e' button and an 'ln' button, so you don't need to memorize the value of 'e'. For more information about this site contact the Distance Education Coordinator. Copyright © 2004 by the Regents of the University of Minnesota, an equal opportunity employer and educator. |